BASIC FACTS


Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Father Of The Nation

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

National Poet

Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

National Flag

Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle, the flag symbolises Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.

State Emblem

The State Emblem consists of:
* The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
* The shield in the centre shows Pakistan's four major crops
* Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
* Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline

National Flower

Jasmine

National Tree

Deodar

National Animal

Markhor

National Bird

Chakor

National Anthem

Approved in August 1954. Composed by Abul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri. Tune Composed by Ahmed G. Chagla.  National Anthem (Instrumental)


Transliteration
Pak sarzamin shad bad
Kishware haseen shad bad
Tunishane azmealishan arze Pakistan
Markazeyaqin shadbad.
Pak sarzamin ka nizam quwate akhuwati awam
Qaum, mulk, Sultanat
Painda ta binda bad shad, bad man zele murad.
Parchame sitarao hilal
Rahbare tarraqio ka mal
Tarjumane mazishane hal jane istaqbal
Sayyai, khudae zul jalal.

Translation
Blessed be the sacred land,
Happy be the bounteous realm,
Symbol of high resolve,
Land of Pakistan.
Blessed be thou citadel of faith.

The Order of this Sacred Land
Is the might of the brotherhood of the people.
May the nation, the country, and the State
Shine in glory everlasting.
Blessed be the goal of our ambition.

This flag of the Crescent and the Star
Leads the way to progress and perfection,
Interpreter of our past, glory of our present,
Inspiration of our future,
Symbol of Almighty's protection

Famous Mountain Peaks

 
Height
World Rating
K-2 (Chagori)
8616 m
2nd
Nanga Parbat
8125 m
8th
Gasherbrum-I
8068 m
11th
Broad Peak
8065 m
12th
Gasherbrum-II
8047 m
14th
Gasherbrum-III
7952 m
15th
Gasherbrum-IV
7925 m
16th
Disteghil Sar
7885 m
20th
Kunyang Kish
7852 m
22nd
Masherbrum (NE)
7821 m
24th
Rakaposhi
7788 m
27th
Batura I
7785 m
28th
Kanjut Sar
7760 m
29th
Saltoro Kangri
7742 m
33rd
Trivor
7720 m
36th
Tirich Mir
7708 m
41st

Famous Mountain Passes

Location Province
The Khyber Pass Khyber Pakhtun Khwa
The Kurram Pass FATA
The Tochi Pass FATA
The Gomal Pass Khyber Pakhtun Khwa
The Bolan Pass Balochistan
The Lowari Pass Chitral (Khyber Pakhtun Khwa)
The Khunjrab Pass Northern Areas

Rivers

  Length
The Indus 2,896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1,242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1,551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km

Famous Glaciers

  Length
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 65 km

Deserts

  Location/Province
Thar Sindh
Cholistan Punjab
Thal Punjab

Lakes

  Location/Province
Manchar Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balochistan
Saif-ul-Maluk Khyber Pakhtun Khwa
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas

Major Dams

  Location/Province
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam Khyber Pakhtun Khwa
Warsak Dam Khyber Pakhtun Khwa

Economy


GDP Growth Rate

4.1% (Pakistan Economic Survey 2009-10)

Currency

Pak. Rupee (Rs.)

Imports

Industrial equipment, Chemicals, Vehicles, Steel, Iron Ore, Petroleum, Edible Oil, Pulses, Tea

Exports

Cotton, Textiles, Rice, Leather items, Carpets, Sports Goods, Handicrafts, Fish, and Fruit

Major Crops

Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane

Major Industries

Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, and Shipbuilding