Basic Facts

71 Interesting Facts About Pakistan

Written by arzepak

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population of more than 204 million people. It is the 36th-largest country in the world in terms of area, covering 796,095 sq km (307,374 sq mi.) Let’s explore more about this country with the following facts.

71 Interesting facts about Pakistan’s noted personalities, trade, infrastructure, irrigation, independence, fertile desert, talent and more…

#1. Sialkot, located in Pakistan, is the world’s largest producer of handsewn footballs. Local factories in the region produce 40-60 million footballs a year, which is roughly 50-70% of the world’s total production.

#2. Pakistan is the world’s first Islamic country to attain nuclear power.

#3. Pakistan has the highest paved international road – The Karakoram Highway (KKH).

The Karakoram Highway
71 Interesting facts about Pakistan: The Karakoram Highway

#4. Pakistan has the largest canal-based irrigation system in the world.

#5. Pakistan has the world’s largest ambulance network. Pakistan’s Edhi Foundation, which is also listed in the Guinness Book of World Records, operates the network.

#6. The highest batting partnership formed by two players playing in their first Test matches in the sport of Cricket is 249 runs by Khalid Ibadulla (b. 20 December 1935) and Abdul Kadir (b. 1944, d. 2002) for Pakistan against Australia in Karachi, Pakistan, in the match played 24-29 October 1964.

#7. Pakistan’s estimated population was 201,995,540 in July 2016, making it the world’s sixth-most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Nigeria.

#8. The name Pakistan means ‘land of the pure’ in Persian and Urdu.

#9. Just two people have won the Nobel Prize from Pakistan. They are: Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014 and Abdus Salam for Physics in 1979.

Malala Yousafzai
71 Interesting facts about Pakistan: Malaya Yousafzai – defied the Taliban in Pakistan and demanded that girls be allowed to receive an education. She was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman in 2012, but survived and went on to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

#10. ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’ is the official name of Pakistan.

#11. Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan, is its financial hub as well as home to almost 17 million people. It also has a major seaport.

#12. Pakistan became independent in 1947 from the British Indian Empire.

#13. The Pakistani rupee is the official currency of Pakistan.

#14. Sugarcane juice is the national drink of Pakistan. In Pakistan, it is also known as “roh.”

Learn more: facts about Pakistani food and cuisin

#15. Afghanistan, China, India, and Iran share a border with Pakistan.

#16. Pakistan’s national language is Urdu, while its official language is English.

#17. The internet is used by 35.835 million people in Pakistan. It occupies position number 27 on the list of the top internet-using countries in the world. Nearly 18% of its population uses the Internet (July 2015 est.)

#18. The ‘Khewra Salt Mine’ in Pakistan is the largest and oldest salt mine in the world.

#19. Pakistan has the only fertile desert in the world – the Tharparkar desert – located in Sindh province.

Tharparkar desert
71 Interesting facts about Pakistan: A view of the Tharparkar desert

#20. Pakistan has the eleventh-largest armed force in the world. It has 617,000 people in its army. UN peacekeeping missions are supported largely by the Pakistani army.

#21. According to a survey, Pakistan has one of the world’s top national anthem tunes.

#22. Pakistanis are the fourth-most intelligent people in the world, according to poll results gathered from 125 countries by the Institute of European Business Administration.

#23. The world’s seventh-largest collection of scientists and engineers is from Pakistan.

#24. The world’s longest glacial system outside the polar regions – the Biafo Glacier – is in Pakistan.

#25. The largest earth-filled dam in the world (and fifth largest by structural volume) is the ‘Tarbela Dam’ on the Indus river in Pakistan.

#26. Out of the total land area in Pakistan, 25% is under agricultural cultivation. Pakistan irrigates three times more land area than Russia.

#27. The once world’s largest man-made forest is in Pakistan – the Changa Manga forest (12,423 acres in area). It is named after two brother dacoits, the Changa Manga forest was originally planted in 1866 by British foresters.

#28. Mango is the national fruit of Pakistan, and its national flower is Jasmine.

#29. The markhor is the national animal of Pakistan. Its national bird is the chukar partridge.

#30. Pakistan has some of the best-trained air force pilots in the world.

#31. The Shah Faisal Mosque in Pakistan can accommodate 100,000 worshipers at a time. It was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993.

The Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan. It is named after Saudi King Faisal, who provided a $120 million grant for the construction of the mosque in 1976. Image credit –

Also read: Pakistan culture facts, about their traditions and hospitality

#32. MM Alam, late Air Commodore from Pakistan, is known to have shot five planes in less than a minute during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

#33. Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, has a population of 1.365 million (2015).

#34. March 23rd is Pakistan’s Republic Day or “Pakistan Day.”

#35. Almost 55% of Pakistan’s population is literate.

#36. Life expectancy in Pakistan is 67.7 years (2016.)

#37. The majority of Pakistan’s population is Muslim, amounting to 96.4%, while the rest includes Hindus and Christians.

#38. The GDP of Pakistan is $988.2 billion (2016 est.)

#39. In 1965, Pakistan had a second war with India over Kashmir. The seventeen-day war caused thousands of casualties on both sides, and also witnessed the largest tank battle since World War II.

#40. Pakistan and India both claimed victory in the war of 1965, which ended after a ceasefire declaration by the intervention of the Soviet Union and the United States.

#41. In 1973, Pakistan adopted a constitution for the parliamentary system of government.

#42. Benazir Bhutto became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan, and of any Muslim nation. (Learn about Pakistani culture and traditions)

Benazir Bhutto
71 Interesting facts about Pakistan: Benazir Bhutto –  born on June 21, 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan, the child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. She was killed by a suicide bomber in 2007.

#43. Islamic law became the law of the land in Pakistan after legislation was passed in 1991.

#44. On August 31st, 2007, General Parvez Musharraf amended the constitution of Pakistan to allow himself a third term as president.

#45. On November 29, 2007, Musharraf took the oath as President for the third time.

#46. On May 2, 2011 – Osama bin Laden was killed by U.S. special forces during a raid in Abbottabad, Pakistan. He was the leader of Al Qaeda.

#47. Pakistan consumed 82 billion kWh of electricity, while it produced 100 billion kWh (2014 est.)

#48. Pakistan generates 67.7% of energy from fossil fuels, 3.2% from nuclear fuels, 28.6% from hydroelectric plants and 0.4% from other renewable sources (2015).

#49. Pakistan emits 145 million metric tons of carbon dioxide annually (2012).

#50. There were 2,990,954 fixed-line and 125.9 million cellular mobile subscribers in Pakistan in 2015.

#51. The internet country code for Pakistan is .pk.

#52. There are 151 airports in Pakistan (2013).

#53. A total length of 11,881 km is covered by railways in Pakistan. Out of this length, 11,492 km is the broad gauge, while 389 km is the narrow gauge.

#54. There is 263,942 km of roadway infrastructure in Pakistan, out of which 708 km is the expressway.

#55. Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is the major port in Karachi, Pakistan.

Map of Pakistan

#56. Pakistan spent 3.56% of its GDP on military expenditures in 2016.

#57. Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai, Juniper Shaft cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave and Mughall saa cave are major archaeological sites in Pakistan.

#58. Pakistan’s major crops include cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane.

#59. The total cropped area in Pakistan is 22.94 million hectares.

#60. Textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electric goods and shipbuilding are the major industries in Pakistan.

#61. There are: 916 hospitals, 4600 dispensaries, 113,206 registered doctors, 552 rural health centers and 6741 women’s health workers in Pakistan.

#62. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the National Poet of Pakistan.

#63. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) is the Father of the Nationof Pakistan.

#64. The duration of Pakistan’s National Anthem is 80 seconds.

#65. There are 51 universities and 155,000 primary schools in Pakistan.

#66. K-2 (Chagori) is the highest mountain peak in Pakistan, and the second highest in the world.

#67. Mamnoon Hussain is the current President of Pakistan, and Shahid Khaqan Abbasi is the country’s Prime Minister.

#68. A person at the age of 18 is qualified to vote in Pakistan.

#69. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Pakistan.

#70. The United States, Hong Kong S.A.R., Germany, United Kingdom, Japan and the United Arab Emirates are major export trade partners of Pakistan.

#71. Pakistan imports: machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer and foodstuffs.


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